Is a Cybersecurity Degree Worth It? Considering Pros & Cons

6 min read
July 5, 2024 at 11:30 AM

The modern era has brought with it a heightened need for cybersecurity professionals to protect sensitive data and systems. With cyber threats constantly evolving, the demand for skilled cybersecurity experts is at an all-time high. This brings us to an important question: Is a cybersecurity degree worth it? In this blog, we will explore both sides of the argument, considering the pros and cons of pursuing a degree in cybersecurity.

Arguments for Getting a Cybersecurity Degree

Solid Foundation and Structured Learning Path

A cybersecurity degree provides a comprehensive education in the field, offering a solid foundation in core concepts such as network security, cryptography, and ethical hacking. University programs are designed to cover both theoretical knowledge and practical skills, often through hands-on training and lab work. This structured learning path ensures that students gain a deep understanding of the subject, which can be difficult to achieve through self-study alone.

A cybersecurity degree program that helps students work toward common certifications, such as CISSP or CEH, can be an ideal path toward a successful career in information security. These certifications are highly valued in the industry and can significantly enhance your employability.

Networking Opportunities

One of the key advantages of attending a university is the opportunity to build a professional network. Interacting with professors, classmates, and industry professionals can open doors to internships, job opportunities, and mentorship. Networking can be crucial in the cybersecurity field, where who you know can be just as important as what you know.

Competitive Edge in the Job Market

In a competitive job market, having a cybersecurity degree can make you stand out to potential employers. Many organizations require or prefer candidates with formal education in cybersecurity, and a degree can serve as proof of your knowledge and commitment to the field. According to Forbes, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that individuals with a college degree earn about 67% more than those whose highest qualification is a high school diploma. While a degree does not guarantee employment, it can significantly boost your earning potential and career prospects.

Return on Investment

When evaluating whether a cybersecurity degree is worth it, it is important to consider the return on investment (ROI). The cost of tuition, potential lost wages during study, and the time required to complete the degree are all factors to consider. However, the potential earnings as a cybersecurity professional can make the investment worthwhile.

For instance, the median annual salary for information security analysts is around $112,000. Based on calculations from Forbes, the ROI of a cybersecurity degree can be significant. After just one year of full-time employment, you can start to recoup your investment, and over a 20-year career, you could potentially earn back your investment many times over.

Arguments Against Getting a Cybersecurity Degree

Alternative Educational Paths

While a cybersecurity degree offers many benefits, it is not the only path to a successful career in the field. Many professionals argue that a degree is not necessary to break into cybersecurity. Practical experience, industry certifications, and self-study can be equally valuable. In fact, some employers prioritize practical skills and certifications over formal education.

Many experienced professionals recommend starting with a more general computer science or information systems degree, supplemented with cybersecurity courses and certifications. This approach provides a broader technical foundation and can be more versatile in the job market.

Cost and Time Investment

The cost of tuition and the time required to complete a degree can be significant barriers. For many students, the financial burden of a university education is a major consideration. Additionally, spending four years in a degree program means delayed entry into the workforce, which can result in lost wages and experience.

Some suggest that investing in certifications and gaining practical experience through internships or entry-level IT jobs can be a more cost-effective and time-efficient way to enter the cybersecurity field. Certifications such as CompTIA Security+, CISSP, and CEH are highly regarded and can be obtained at a fraction of the cost of a degree.

Industry Requirements

The cybersecurity industry is known for valuing practical experience and specific skill sets. Many entry-level cyber jobs require some time in general IT roles or past development roles. This means that a specialized cybersecurity degree may not be as advantageous as a broader technical degree when starting out.

Additionally, some argue that dedicated cybersecurity programs can be light on technical fundamentals and may leave graduates underprepared for the complexities of the job. A computer science degree with a focus on cybersecurity electives and extracurricular activities, such as participating in cybersecurity competitions and clubs, can provide a more well-rounded education.

Flexibility and Career Growth

For those wondering, "Can you get into cybersecurity without a degree?" the answer is yes. Many successful cybersecurity professionals have entered the field without a formal degree, relying instead on certifications, self-study, and practical experience. This approach can offer more flexibility and allow individuals to tailor their education to their specific career goals.

Moreover, the rapid pace of technological change means that continuous learning is essential in cybersecurity. Professionals need to stay updated with the latest threats, tools, and techniques. This ongoing education can often be achieved more effectively through certifications and on-the-job training rather than a one-time degree.

Career Opportunities in Cybersecurity: With or Without a Degree

Whether having a cybersecurity degree is essential varies greatly depending on the specific role, employer, and the hiring staff's perspective. Some companies might have stringent educational requirements, while others might prioritize practical skills and hands-on experience. By understanding the specific requirements of your target employers and continuously developing relevant skills, you can carve out a successful career in cybersecurity regardless of your educational background.

In the field of cybersecurity, the range of job opportunities is vast, catering to various levels of experience and expertise. For those wondering, "What can you do with a cybersecurity degree?", entry-level positions such as Cybersecurity Technician, IT Security Specialist, and Security Analyst are accessible to individuals starting their careers. These roles typically focus on monitoring and responding to security incidents, maintaining security systems, and supporting senior cybersecurity staff. For these positions, hands-on skills and certifications like CompTIA Security+ can be crucial, and they can often be obtained without a degree, highlighting the availability of cybersecurity jobs without a degree.

As you gain experience, more advanced roles become attainable. Jobs you can get with a cybersecurity degree might include Penetration Tester, Network Security Engineer, and Security Architect, which require a deeper understanding of security protocols, risk management, and advanced technical skills. These roles often involve designing and implementing security measures, conducting in-depth security assessments, and developing strategies to protect an organization’s assets. While these positions are typically filled by individuals with a degree in cybersecurity, extensive experience and advanced certifications like CISSP can also pave the way for career advancement. Whether you are just starting out or aiming for higher-level roles, the cybersecurity field offers numerous opportunities for growth and development.


So, does cybersecurity require a degree? The answer depends on your individual circumstances, career goals, and learning preferences. A cybersecurity degree can provide a solid foundation, valuable networking opportunities, and a competitive edge in the job market. However, it is important to weigh these benefits against the cost, time investment, and alternative educational paths available.

If you want to learn more about how to get into cybersecurity without a degree, the answer lies in acquiring hands-on experience and relevant certifications. Engaging in practical projects, participating in cybersecurity competitions, and gaining real-world experience through internships or entry-level positions can significantly enhance your skill set. These efforts will demonstrate your expertise and commitment to the field, making you a competitive candidate for various cybersecurity roles.

Ultimately, whether a cybersecurity degree is worth it will vary from person to person. If you value a structured learning environment and the potential for a higher salary, a degree might be the right choice for you. On the other hand, if you prefer a more flexible and cost-effective approach, pursuing certifications and gaining practical experience could be a better fit.

In the end, the key to a successful career in cybersecurity is a combination of knowledge, skills, and experience, regardless of the path you choose.


Compass IT Compliance is a leading provider of IT security and compliance services across the nation. We proudly hire skilled cybersecurity graduates who offer new insights and knowledge to our team. Furthermore, we collaborate with many higher education institutions, helping them enhance their security measures and cultivate strong security cultures. Our dedication to excellence in cybersecurity not only aids our clients in meeting their compliance objectives but also promotes the growth of future cybersecurity experts. Reach out to us today to discover more about our commitment to supporting higher education.

Contact Us

Get Email Notifications

No Comments Yet

Let us know what you think